Preliminary results of a research project conducted by Virginia Tech on the disposal of wood pallets at landfill sites reveal that 95% of wooden pallets are being recycled. The landfill avoidance study was independently conducted at Virginia Tech over two years. Both municipal and solid waste (MSW) and construction and demolition (C&D) landfill facilities were surveyed to better understand how pallets were being handled at these facilities. According to the study, the number of pallets entering the landfill reduced by 86%, for both MSW and C&D facilities. Environmental awareness, limited space and a desire to be more waste efficient have driven many of these facilities to sort and recover certain types of waste. The overall presence of wood pallets at landfill facilities also significantly decreased. Click Read More below for additional information.
UPM Plywood has published Environmental Product Declarations for their WISA products, in compliance with the standardised EPD model. These third-party-verified and internationally comparable Environmental Product Declarations help building contractors and designers better understand the environmental impact of construction products and materials.
An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is a voluntary and reliable way to present a product’s environmental impact throughout its whole lifecycle, from raw material sourcing to disposal. UPM Plywood’s Environmental Product Declarations have been created according to the EN 15804:2012+A1:2013 and ISO 14025 standards for four product groups: coated and uncoated spruce plywood, and coated and uncoated birch plywood. Most of UPM Plywood’s products fall under the product groups covered by the declarations.
The Building Information Foundation RTS has approved UPM Plywood’s EPDs and published them on their website at epd.rts.fi. The EPDs have also been published on the international ECO Platform EPD list. Therefore, they have been approved in all European EPD programmes that are part of the system. The EPDs are also available at UPM Plywood’s website at https://www.wisaplywood.com/downloads/certificates-and-labels/.
“The third-party-compiled and -verified EPDs provide open and unbiased information on the environmental impact of our products. With the help of these EPDs, the designer of a low-carbon building, for example, can choose plywood with the most appropriate environmental impact”, says Sanna Kontinen, Environmental Manager at UPM Plywood.
“We wanted to be one step ahead in the publication of Environmental Product Declarations. Relatively few EPDs have been created for construction products, but one day they will be mandatory. By creating the EPDs now, we gather valuable information and experience on what needs to be considered during the EPD process”. Kontinen says.
In UPM Plywood’s EPDs, each product’s environmental impact throughout its whole lifecycle has been divided into four phases. These phases are: the environmental impact of the product’s manufacturing process, construction, use, and dismantling and disposal. The Lifecycle Assessment also takes into account the use and transportation of raw materials and energy, and the waste, by-products and emissions generated in the product’s lifecycle, among other things. The results of the assessment are presented in different impact categories that include climate change, ozone depletion, acidification of soil and water resources, eutrophication, and depletion of non-renewable energy assets and mineral resources.